Foundation

Foundation: The International Review of Science Fiction is a critical peer-reviewed literary magazine established in 1972 that publishes articles and reviews about science fiction. It is published tri-annually by the Science Fiction Foundation of North East London Polytechnic (now known as the University of East London) from March 1972, and more recently, since 1993 when the SFF moved, of the University of Liverpool. Worlds Without End call it "the essential critical review of science fiction".

Since when Foundation began and for many years thereafter there was very little formal use of sf in UK universities, there was no academic base to provide a rigidly scholarly features section. As such, the real strengths of the older Foundation issues were its book reviews and its willingness to publish articles about current sf. Nevertheless, it provided a platform for serious sf criticism in the UK. Its contributors - often professional writers of fiction rather than academics - have tended to be aggressively judgmental, and intent upon defining a critical canon for sf. A later shift to a more academic tone can be discerned under the editorial reigns of Edward James and Farah Mendlesohn, though Andy Sawyer continues to encourage an element of fannish liveliness in book reviews.

From the beginning a feature of Foundation was the ‘Profession of Science Fiction’ series of autobiographical pieces by sf writers, which has seen contributions from Stanislaw Lem, Philip K. Dick, Gene Wolfe, Norman Spinrad, Harlan Ellison, Gregory Benford, Naomi Mitchison, J. G. Ballard, John Sladek, Jack Williamson, Bruce Sterling, Gwyneth Jones, Poul Anderson, and Brian Stableford, to name but a few. Some issues have been themed on such topics as H. G. Wells and The War of the Worlds, Science Fiction in Canada (also China, Australia, and others), Mars, Feminism and SF, and a "celebration of British science fiction" issue.

Sources: SFE and wikipedia.